A. Mellifera and A. Cerana, also known as the honeybee, is considered to be responsible for 1/3 of our total agricultural food pollination and production. However these crops are increasingly subjected to extreme weather events including extreme temperature and precipitation levels from El Niño and possibly climate change. With recent concern over honeybee colony health, it is increasingly important to consider examining the effects of extreme weather events on honeybee ecology.
Honeybees are responsible for pollinating 100% of all almond crops globally. Honeybees are transported thousands of miles to aide in the pollination of large crops like, oranges, apples, alfalfa and almonds. Each blossom has to be visited by a honeybee several times in order to get fertilized by the pollen exchange, and develop seeds in the ovary of the plant. The average blossom needs to be visited at least seven times in order for fertilization to be completed through pollination.
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El Niño Drives California Almond and Honey Production Nuts